Salt Lake City is considering recycling requirements for businesses and multi-family (apartment) units to increase recycling rates. What do you think of the proposed ordinance?
Salt Lake City’s goal is to decrease waste and divert recyclable waste from the landfill. In Salt Lake City’s Zero Waste Resolution, the city aims for 50% diversion by 2015, 70% diversion by 2025, and Zero Waste by 2040.
To reach this goal, business and multi-family recycling rates need to increase to catch up to current residential recycling rates.
Comments on all aspects of the proposed ordinance will be accepted through January 31, 2014.
At that time, City staff will review comments, make any applicable revisions to the ordinance and present a report to the Salt Lake City Mayor's Office.
The information below outlines the current recycling rates in Salt Lake City and highlights the key provisions in the proposed ordinance. Review the complete draft ordinance (PDF).
Current Situation – Residential
Salt Lake City is the refuse and recycling collection service provider for all single-family, duplexes and triplexes within Salt Lake City. Participation in curbside recycling and the curbside green waste program is required.
Through curbside recycling, glass recycling, green waste collection and diversion of green waste through the Neighborhood Cleanup program, the City has achieved a diversion rate of 38% for the residential sector.
Current Situation – Non-residential/Commercial and Multi-family
Recycling by the non-residential commercial sector and multi-family residential sector is voluntary. A study completed in the spring of 2012 estimated that the recycling rate for the non-residential and multi-family sector in Salt Lake City was approximately 10%.
Single stream recycling services are readily available. Facilities exist within Salt Lake City to accept glass, shredded paper, scrap metal and cardboard. One facility exists to accept green waste for composting.
Required Recycling for Properties/Businesses
Any non-residential and multi-family property owner or manager where *4 or more cubic yards of solid waste are generated per week must:
- Subscribe to recycling collection service from an authorized hauler.
- Designate area(s) for recycling containers accessible by service provider.
- Implement a recycling program for use by occupants, employees or residents that is as convenient to access as trash collection.
- Distribute educational recycling information to occupants, employees or residents annually.
- Submit, annually, a copy of recycling collection service agreement to the City.
*4 cubic yards is roughly equivalent to 8, 90-gallon residential curbside containers
Exemptions for Properties/Businesses
- If the property generates less than 4 cubic yards of trash per week.
- If the property can demonstrate that at least 50% of their waste, by volume or weight, is diverted through other services. i.e. by collection of green waste (food scraps, yard trimmings) for composting; or if all mixed waste material is delivered to a material recovery facility that demonstrates, through sample sorts or other means, that over 50% of material is diverted through sorting and recycling.
- Facility and business operations do not generate significant amount of recyclable waste (i.e. more than 1 cubic yard per week or 2 cubic yards every other week).
- If there is not adequate storage space for recycling containers (resulting in violation of zoning code) and it is infeasible for a container to be shared with adjoining property.
Requirements of Authorized Hauler
Any hauler of solid waste and recyclable material from a property within Salt Lake City boundaries must submit an application to the Sustainability Division and agree to:
- Provide, directly or through cooperation with another Authorized Hauler, recycling collection services and containers sufficient to accommodate quantity and types of recyclable materials for all of its customers.
- Charge one fee which includes recycling and refuse service, or, if a separate fee is charged for refuse and recycling services, the fee for recycling may not be in excess of 80% of the free for the equivalent level of refuse service.
- Pay an annual registration fee.
- Deliver recyclable material which has been separated from refuse to a recycling facility.
- May charge a contamination fee if contamination of recycling container exceeds 40%.
- Provide quarterly reports to the Sustainability Division on recycling, refuse and green waste activity, including a list of customers who have had contamination fees assessed with the date(s) fees were assessed.
Requirements at Special Events
Events where 4 or more cubic yards of trash are generated during the event must:
- Provide recycling receptacles throughout the event location, with capacity that is at least equal to the capacity of trash containers.
- Place recycling and trash containers adjacent to one another during the event.
- Ensure that all recycling receptacles have signage indicating acceptable items.
- Refuse and recycling collection service providers must apply to become an Authorized Hauler within six months of the date of publication of the ordinance.
- Generators (property managers/owner) must provide copy of service agreement within eighteen months of the date of publication.
Enforcement actions by the Sustainability Division may include education, warnings, and/or fines. Enforcement may be triggered by:
- Complaints received
- Observation of non-authorized hauler collection refuse or recyclables from a property within the City
- Delinquent reports by Authorized Hauler
- Generator fails to provide required recycling services
- Generator is delinquent in providing a copy of service agreement
- Repeated incidents where a Generator has been assessed a contamination fee by an Authorized Hauler
- Observation of special events that do provide access to recycling for attendees
Fines may be assessed for:
- Each day a Generator fails to provide recycling services for required property
- Each day a Generator is delinquent in providing a copy of the recycling service agreement
- Each day a Hauler is delinquent in providing required reports
- Incidents where a non-authorized hauler is observed collecting trash and or recyclables from a property within Salt Lake City boundaries
- Incidents where a hauler is observed delivering material that has been separated for recycling to a landfill, waste transfer station, or incinerator
According to the EPA’s 2010 Report on Municipal Solid Waste, the breakdown of the municipal waste stream generated that could be diverted through recycling was: Paper (28%); Plastic (12%); Metal (9%); Glass (5%).
According to a waste study completed for Salt Lake City in the spring of 2012, requiring recycling for non-residential/commercial and multi-family properties may increase the commercial sector diversion rate from 10% to 25%, and divert an additional 20,000 tons of recyclable material from the landfill.
If you have questions or comments, please contact Debbie Lyons at (801) 535-7795 or email@example.com. Email comments are preferred.
March 7, 2014Read More
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